Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise
The Department for Transport (DfT) awarded Govia (Go-Ahead 65% / Keolis 35% joint venture) the Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern (TSGN) franchise on 23 May 2014. This is the largest rail franchise in the UK in terms of passenger numbers, trains, revenue, and staff.
- New trains – introducing three new train fleets
- More services – 10,000 additional morning peak seats into London
- Increasing capacity – 50% more passenger capacity created
- Better connections – up to 24 trains per hour through the Thameslink core in peak periods
- Station enhancement – £50m investment in improving facilities
The seven year management contract, starting in September 2014, which replaces the Thameslink and Great Northern franchise (operated as First Capital Connect, FCC) will encompass the Southern and Gatwick Express routes from July 2015 and also include a small number of services and stations currently operated by Southeastern which will transfer in December 2014.
Combined, the existing FCC and Southern franchises carry 273 million passenger journeys per year, employ around 6,500 people and generate annual passenger revenues of £1.3bn.
The TSGN network will serve London as well as a number of important regional centres, including Cambridge, Luton and Peterborough to the north of the region, and Brighton, Portsmouth and Southampton in the south. It also provides direct rail links to major airports (Gatwick and Luton) as well as St Pancras International and Farringdon station for links to Heathrow and Crossrail in due course.
During the course of the franchise the Thameslink identity will be re-introduced and the Southern and Gatwick Express brands retained.
The new franchise is being let as a management contract where ticket revenues are passed directly to the Government rather than retained by Govia, due to the complexity and scale of the planned changes to services and infrastructure. We are committed to delivering these changes and minimising their impacts on customers.
Benefits for customers during the franchise
- 108 new Gatwick Express carriages designed for airline travellers by 2016
- 150 new metro carriages for Moorgate services in 2018
- 1,140 Thameslink Class 700 carriages already ordered from Siemens delivered between 2016 and 2018
- 10,000 additional morning peak seats into London
- 26% more morning peak carriages into London
- 50% more passenger capacity created
- Improvements to services including:
- Up to 24 trains per hour during the peak periods through the Thameslink core (St Pancras to Blackfriars), up from 15 per hour today, an increase of 60%
- More direct services to and from Gatwick Airport including a new direct Cambridge to Brighton service
- Improved Brighton Main Line services
Stations and staffing
- £50m investment to enhance all 239 stations including improving access, installing electronic information screens and working with partners on the redevelopment of St Albans and Luton stations
- Staffing hours increased: 100 busiest stations staffed from first to last train
- Simplified ticketing and extension of ‘the key’ smartcard
- 104 stations with free wifi
- £1.5m on station access improvements including increased cycle storage and electrical vehicle charging points
- Timetables designed to improve punctuality
- 20,000 days of customer service training for frontline employees
- Investment in technology such as smartphone apps and websites to improve real-time information to make door-to-door travel easier
- On-hand assistance for passengers during the Thameslink Programme works
Local community focus
- Continuing support of Community Rail Partnerships
- Providing young people with work experience and mentoring
- Award winning education programme Go-Learn used with local schools
- £1m per year for local communities to spend on improvements at stations
Revenue and operating profit: From the start of the franchise in September 2014 to June 2015, Govia’s revenue from franchise payments is estimated to be c.£350m. In the first full year to June 2016, which includes the Southern franchise from July 2015, Govia’s revenue from franchise payments is estimated to be c.£1.1bn. Target operating profit margins average c.3% over the life of the franchise including an estimated annual non-cash margin impact of c.1% for IAS 19 (revised) pension costs.
Performance incentives: There are performance regimes in place to incentivise or penalise Govia to meet a range of service quality targets (including for punctuality, customer experience at stations and on trains, and revenue protection). In addition to performance regimes, Govia can also achieve between £nil and £25m for delivery of key performance milestones in the Thameslink Programme, which would largely be payable in the mid-term of the franchise.
Franchise payments: Govia will work with the DfT to generate passenger revenue of an estimated £12.4bn over the life of the franchise for the benefit of the taxpayer. Franchise payments from the DfT to Govia amount to an estimated £8.9bn to reflect operating costs and a small margin allowance. Based on DfT methodology, the net present value (NPV) of the franchise payments is estimated to be around £6.8bn*.
Investment: Govia will procure around £430m of investment over the life of the franchise, including significant investment in rolling stock and franchise improvements. Approximately £40m of capital expenditure will be made by Govia directly, with most of this investment in the first two years.
Cash flow: At the beginning of the franchise we expect a working capital inflow of c.£45m in respect of season ticket monies which will be treated as restricted cash. In the year ended June 2015, operating cashflow after capital expenditure is expected to be broadly neutral. In subsequent years cashflow generated should largely reflect operating profit.
New franchise capital requirements and guarantees: Govia will subscribe for £5m of ordinary share capital in cash and provide two contingent subordinated loan facilities for capital expenditure and working capital purposes of £63.9m (unbonded) and £72.5m (50% bonded). There will also be a performance bond (£20m) and season ticket bond. The value of the season ticket bond is dependent on season ticket income and is expected to increase from c.£45m to c.£95m on the integration of Southern. Only the season ticket bond is required to be backed by cash.
*based on DfT discount rate of 3.5% in real terms
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